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Home > NDACC Publications > UV Spectral

UV Spectral

Refereed Publications using NDACC/NDSC data -- revised December 2008



Bernhard, G.; McKenzie, R.L.; Kotkamp, M.; Wood, S.; Booth, C.R.; Ehramjian, J.C.; Johnston, P.; Nichol, S.E. (2008). Comparison of Ultraviolet Spectroradiometers in Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research 113(D14310): doi:10.1029/2007JD009489.

Blumthaler, M.; Schallhart, B.; Schwarzmann, M.; McKenzie, R.; Johnston, P.; Kotkamp, M.; Shiona, H. (2008). Spectral UV measurements of global irradiance, solar radiance, and actinic fluxes in New Zealand: inter comparison between instruments and model calculations. Journal of Oceanic and Atmospheric Science and Technology (JOAST) 25(6): 945-958.

Brogniez, C., V. Buchard and F. Auriol, 2008: Validation of UV-visible aerosol optical thickness retrieved from spectroradiometer measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4655-4663.

Buchard, V., C. Brogniez, F. Auriol, B. Bonnel, J. Lenoble, A. Tanskanen, B. Bojkov, and P. Veefkind, 2008: Comparison of OMI ozone and UV irradiance data with ground-based measurements at two French sites, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4517-4528.

Flint, S.D.; Ballaré, C.L.; Caldwell, M.M.; McKenzie, R. (2008). Comment on "Extreme environments in the forests of Ushuaia, Argentina" by Hector D'Antoni Geophysical Research Letters 35(L13710): doi:10.1029/2008GL033570.

G. Seckmeyer, D. Pissulla, M. Glandorf, D. Henriques, B.Johnsen, A. Webb, A.M. Siani, A. Bais, B. Kjeldstad, C. Brogniez, J. Lenoble, B. Gardiner, P. Kirsch, T. Koskela, J. Kaurola, B. Uhlmann, H. Slaper, P. den Outer, M. Janouch, P. Werle, J.Groebner, B. Mayer, A. de la Casiniere, S. Simic, F. Carvalho, "Variability of UV Irradiance in Europe", Photochemistry and Photobiology 84, 172-179 (2008).

UNEP. (2008). Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2007. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences 7: 15-27, DOI: 10.1039/b717166h.


2007 :

Badosa, J., J. Calbo, J.A. Gonzalez, R.L. McKenzie, M. Kotkamp, P.V. Johnston, and M. O'Neill, Towards closure between measured and modelled UV: Three case studies, in One century of UV radiation research, edited by J. Grobner, pp. 101-102, PMOD/WRC, 2007.

Badosa, J., R.L. McKenzie, M. Kotkamp, J. Calbó, J.A. González, P.V. Johnston, M. O'Neill, and D.J. Anderson, Towards closure between measured and modelled UV under clear skies at four diverse sites, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, 2817-2837, 2007.

Bais A.F., Lubin D., Arola A., Bernhard G., Blumthaler M., Chubarova N., Erlick C., Gies H.P., Krotkov N., Lantz K., Mayer B., McKenzie R.L., Piacentini R.D., Seckmeyer G., Slusser J.R., Zerefos C.S.: Surface Ultraviolet Radiation: Past, Present, and Future, Chapter 7, 2006 WMO/UNEP ozone assessment, WMO, 2007

Cordero R.R., Seckmeyer G., Labbe F.: Evaluating the uncertainties of data rendered by computional models, Metrologia, 44, L23-L30, 2007

Cordero R.R. , Seckmeyer G., Pissulla D., DaSilva L.: Uncertainty evaluation of the spectral UV irradiance evaluated by using the UVSPEC Radiative Transfer Model, Optic Communications, doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2007.04.008, 2007

Häder, D.-P.; Lebert, M.; Schuster, M.; del Ciampo, L.; Helbling, E.W.; McKenzie, R. (2007). ELDONET - a decade of monitoring solar radiation on five continents. Photochemistry and Photobiology 83: 1–10.

McKenzie, R.L., P.J. Aucamp, A.F. Bais, L.O. Björn, and M. Ilyas, Changes in biologically-active ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s surface (Chapter 1 of the UNEP Effects Panel Assessment: 2006), Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 6 (UNEP Special Issue), 218-231 doi: 10.1039/b700017k, 2007.

McKenzie, R.L.; Liley, J.B.; Björn, L.O. (2008). UV Radiation: Balancing Risks and Benefits. Photochemistry and Photobiology: DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2008.00400.x.

Salmon, P.; Chan, W.; Griffin, J.; McKenzie, R.; Rademaker, M. (2007). Extremely High levels of Melanoma and Melanoma-in-situ in Tauranga, New Zealand: Possible Causes and Comparisons with Australia and the Northern Hemisphere. Australasian J Dermatology 48(4): 208-216.

Seckmeyer G., Pissulla D., Glandorf M, Henriques D., Johnsen B., Webb A.R., Siani A-M, Bais A., Kjeldstad B., Brogniez C., Lenoble J., Gardiner B., Kirsch P., Koskela T., Kaurola J., Uhlmann B., Slaper H., Outer P., Janouch M., Werle P., Groebner J., Mayer B., Casiniere A., Simic S., Carvalho F.: Variability of UV irradiance in Europe, Photochemistry&Photobiology, 2007, 83, 1-8.

Tanskanen, A.; Lindfors, A.; Maatta, A.; Krotkov, N.; Herman, J.; Kaurola, J.; Koskela, T.; Lakkala, K.; Filoletov, V.; Bernhard, G.; McKenzie, R.L.; Kondo, Y.; O'Neill, M.; Slaper, H.; denOuter, P.N.; Bais, A.; Tamminen, J. (2007). Validation of the daily erythemal UV doses from Ozone Monitoring Instrument with ground-based UV measurement data. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 112(D24S44): doi:10.1029/2007JD008830.

S. Thiel, L. Ammannato, A. Bais, B. Bandy, M. Blumthaler, B. Bohn, O. Engelsen, G. Gobbi, J. Gröbner, E. Jäkel, W. Junker­mann, S. Ka­za­d­zis, R. Kift, B. Kjeldstad, N. Kouremeti, A. Kylling, B. Mayer, P. Monks, C. Reeves, B. Schallhart, R. Scheirer, S. Schmidt, R. Schmitt, J. Schreder, R. Silbernagl, C. Topa­loglou, T. Thoerseth, A.R. Webb, M. Wendisch, P. Werle, Influence of clouds on the spectral actinic flux density in the lower troposphere (INSPECTRO): overview of the field campaigns, Atmos. Chem. and Phys. Disc. 7, 2007. S.134 17-473

UNEP, Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2006 assessment, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 6 (3, UNEP Special Issue), 201-332, 2007.

Wuttke, S., Naggar, S., Bluszcz, T., Schrems, O.(2007).Ship-borne measurements of erythemal UV irradiance and ozone content in various climate zones, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 6(10), 1081-1088., doi:10.1039/b617602j


2006 :

Bodeker, G.E., H. Shiona, R. Scott-Weekly, K. Oltmanns, P. King, H. Chisholm, and R.L. McKenzie, UV Atlas version 2: What you get for your money, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

Connor, B.J., G.E. Bodeker, and R.L. McKenzie, Global Ozone and Its Variability, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

Cordero R.R., Seckmeyer G., Labbe F.: Effect of the resolution on the ‘type A’ uncertainty analysis, Metrologia, 43, L33-L38, 2006

Gies, P., S. Henderson, J. Javorniczky, C. Roy, and D. Anderson, Inter-comparison of solar spectral irradiance measurements in Melbourne, in UV radiation and its effects: an update 2006, pp. 80-81, Royal Society of New Zealand, 2006.

Johnston, P.V., R.L. McKenzie, and J.B. Liley, Seasonal and Geographic Variation of Vitamin D Producing Radiation in New Zealand, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

Kotkamp, M., R.L. McKenzie, P.V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa, and M. O'Neill, UV Spectral Irradiance measurements at Lauder, New Zealand, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

Liley, J.B., and R.L. McKenzie, Where on Earth has the highest UV?, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

McKenzie, R., P. Johnston, and B. Liley, Huge seasonal and latitudinal variability in vitamin-D production from sunlight, New Zealand Family Physician (NZFP), 32 (2), 87-88, 2006.

McKenzie, R., B. Liley, and P. Johnston, UV exposure and vitamin D production (editorial), New Zealand Public Health Surveillance Report (NZPHSR), 4 (2), 2, 2006.

McKenzie, R.L., Implications of the large geographical and temporal variability in UV radiation, in UV Radiation and its Effects: an update, 2006.

McKenzie, R.L., G.E. Bodeker, G. Scott, and J. Slusser, Geographical differences in erythemally-weighted UV measured at mid-latitude USDA sites, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 5 (3), 343 - 352, 2006.

UNEP, Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2005, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 5, 13-24 DOI: 10.1039/b515670j, 2006.

Wuttke S., Seckmeyer G.: Spectral Radiance and Sky Luminance in Antarctica: A Case Study, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, March 2006

Wuttke S., Seckmeyer G., Koenig-Langlo G.: Measurements of spectral snow albedo at Neumayer, Antarctica, Annales Geophysicae, March 2006

Wuttke, S., G. Bernhard, J.C. Ehramjian, R. McKenzie, P. Johnston, M. O'Neill, and G. Seckmeyer, New spectrometers complying with the NDSC standards, Journal of Oceanic and Atmospheric Technology, 23 (2), 241-251, 2006.


2005 :

Allen, M., and R. McKenzie, Enhanced UV exposure on a ski-field compared with exposures at sea level, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 4 (5), 429-437, 2005.

Badosa, J., J.A. Gonzàlez, J. Calbó, M.V. Weele, and R.L. McKenzie, Using a parameterization of a radiative transfer model to build high resolution maps of typical UV index in Catalonia, Spain, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 44 (6), 789–803, 2005.

Brogniez, C., M. Houët, A.M. Siani, P. Weihs, M. Allaart, J. Lenoble, T. Cabot, A. de La Casinière, E. Kyro: Ozone column retrieval from solar UV measurements at ground level: Effects of clouds and results from six European sites. J. Geophys. Res. , 110, D24202, doi: 10.1029/2005JD005992, 2005.

A. de La Casinière, V. Cachorro, I. Smolskaia, J. Lenoble, M. Sorribas, M.Houët, O. Massot, M. Anton, J.M. Vilaplana: Comparative measurements of total ozone amount and aerosol optical depth during a campaign at El Arenosillo, Hueva, Spain. Ann. Geophys., 23, 3399-3406, 2005

Groebner J., Schreder J., Kazadzis S., Bais A.F., Blumthaler M., Goerts P., Koskela T., Tax R., Seckmeyer G., Webb A.R.: A travelling reference spectroradiometer for routine QA of spectral solar UV irradiance measurements, Applied Optics, 44(25), pp 5321-5331, September 2005

McKenzie, R.L., J. Badosa, M. Kotkamp, and P.V. Johnston, Effects of the temperature dependence in PTFE diffusers on observed UV irradiances, Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (L06808), doi:10.1029/2004GL022268, 2005.

G. Seckmeyer, A. Bais, G. Bernhard, M. Blumthaler, C. R. Booth, P. Erikson, K. Lantz, R. L., McKenzie, C. Roy, Instruments to measure solar ultraviolet radiation, Part 2: Broadband instruments measuring erythemally weighted solar irradiance, World Meteorological Report 164, WMO TD 1289, 2005.

UNEP, Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2004, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 4, 177 - 184, 2005.


2004 :

Hofzumahaus, A.; Lefer, B.; Monks, P.; Hall, S.R.; Kylling, A.; Mayer, B.; Shetter, R.; Junkermann, W.; Bohn, B.; Bais, A.; Calvert, J.; Cantrell, C.; Madronich, S.; Edwards, G.; Kraus, A.; Muller, M.; Schmitt, R.; Johnston, P.; McKenzie, R.; Frost, G.; Griffioen, E.; Krol, M.; Martin, T.; Pfister, G.; Roth, E.; Ruggaber, A.; Swartz, W.; Weele, M.V. (2004). Photolysis frequency of O3 to O(1D): Measurements and modeling during the international photolysis frequency measurements and modeling intercomparison (IPMMI). Journal of Geophysical Research 109(8): D08S90 10.1029/2003JD004333.

Houët, M., C. Brogniez, 2004 - Ozone column retrieval from solar UV irradiance measurements at ground level: sensitivity tests and uncertainty estimation, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D15302, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004703.

Huber M., M. Blumthaler, J. Schreder, and B. Schallhart, J. Lenoble, Effect of inhomogeneous surface albedo on diffuse UV sky radiance at a high-altitude site, J. Geophysical Res. 109, D08107, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004013, 2004.

Lenoble J., A. de La Casinière, and T. Cabot, Analysis of direct solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements in the French Alps. Retrieval of turbidity and ozone column amount, Applied Optics, Vol. 4 3, No. 15, 3133-3139, 2004.

Lenoble J., A. Kylling, and I. Smolskaïa, Impact of snow cover and topography on ultraviolet irradiance at the Alpine station of Briançon, J. Geophysical Res. 109, XXXXXX, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004523, 2004.

McKenzie, R.; Smale, D.; Kotkamp, M. (2004). Relationship between UVB and erythemally weighted radiation. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences 3(3): 252 - 256.

McKenzie, R.L.; Björn, L.O.; Bais, A.; Ilyas, M. (2004). Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report 2003. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences 3(1): 1-5.

McKenzie, R.L. (2004). UV measurement: international intercomparison. Water & Atmosphere 12(1): 7.

P. WERLE, S. SCHERLE und EVA FALGE, "Strahlungsvariabilität in einem Gerstenbestand (Radiation Variability in a barley stand)" in : Rundgespräche der Kommission für Ökologie, Bd. 27 »Erhöhte UV-Strahlung: Folgen und Maßnahmen«, pp. 47-55. 2004, Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München - ISSN 0938-5851 - ISBN 3-89937448-1


2003 :

Bais, A. F., S. Madronich, J. Crawford, S. Hall, B. Mayer, M. VanWeele, J. Lenoble, J. Calvert, C. Cantrell, R. Shetter, A. Hofzumahaus, P. Koepke, P. Monks, G., Frost, R. McKenzie, N. Krotkov, A. Kylling, W. H. Swartz, S. Lloyd, G. Pfister, T. Martin, P. Roeth, E. Griffioen, A. Ruggaber, M. Krol, A. Kraus, G. Edwards, M. Mueller, B. Lefer, P. Johnston, H. Schwander, D. Flittner, B. G. Gardiner, J. Barrick, R. Schmitt: International photolysis frequency measurement and model intercomparison (IPMMI) : spectral actinic solar flux measurements and modelling, J. Geophysical Res. 108, D16 8543, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002891, 2003.

McKenzie, R.L., L.O. Björn, A. Bais, and M. Ilyas, Changes in biologically-active ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2 (1), 5-15, 2003.

McKenzie, R.; Smale, D.; Bodeker, G.; Claude, H. (2003). Ozone profile differences between Europe and New Zealand: Effects on surface UV irradiance and its estimation from satellite sensors. J. Geophys . Res. 108(D6): 4179 doi: 4110.1029/2002JD002770. Nichol, S.E.; Pfister, G.; Bodeker, G.E.; McKenzie, R.L.; Wood, S.W.; Bernhard, G. (2003). Mitigation of cloud reduction of UV in the Antarctic due to high surface albedo. Journal of Applied Meteorology 42(8): 1174-1183. Pfister, G.; McKenzie, R.L.; Liley, J.B.; Thomas, A.; Forgan, B.W.; Long, C.N.,  Cloud coverage based on all-sky imaging and its impact on surface solar irradiance. J. of Applied Meteorology 42(10): 1421-1434, 2003.

Shetter, R.E., W. Junkermann, W.H. Swartz, G.J. Frost, J.H. Crawford, B.L. Lefer, J.D. Barrick, S.R. Hall, A. Hofzumahaus, A. Bais, J.G. Calvert, C.A. Cantrell, S. Madronich, M. Müller, A. Kraus, P.S. Monks, G.D. Edwards, R. McKenzie, P. Johnston, R. Schmitt, E. Griffioen, M. Krol, A. Kylling, R.R. Dickerson, S.A. Lloyd, T. Martin, B. Gardiner, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, E.P. Röth, P. Koepke, A. Ruggaber, H. Schwander, and M. van Weele, Photolysis frequency of NO2: Measurement and modeling during the International Photolysis Frequency Measurement and Modeling Intercomparison (IPMMI), J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D16), 10.1029/2002JD002932, 2003.

Smolskaïa, I., D. Masserot, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and A. de La Casinière, Retrieval of the ultraviolet effective snow albedo during 1998 winter campaign in the French Alps, Applied Optics, 42, 9, 1583-1587, 2003.


2002 :

de La Casinière, A., M. L. Touré, D. Masserot, T. Cabot, and J. L. Pinedo Vega, Daily doses of biologically active UV radiation retrieved from commonly available parameters, Photochemistry and Photobiology, 76 (2), 171-175, 2002.

Masserot, D., J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, M. Houët, N. Krotkov, R. McPeters: Retrieval of ozone column from global irradiance measurements and comparison with TOMS data. A year of data in the Alps. Geophys. Res. L. , 29 (10), 10.1029/2002GL014823, 2002.

McKenzie, R. L., P. V. Johnston, A. Hofzumahaus, A. Kraus, S. Madronich, C. Cantrell, J. Calvert, and R. Shetter, Relationship between photolysis frequencies derived from spectroscopic measurements of actinic fluxes and irradiances during the IPMMI campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2001JD000601, 2002.

Smolskaia, I., D. Masserot, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, A. de La Casinière: Retrieval of the ultraviolet effective snow albedo during 1998 winter campaign in the French Alps. Applied Optics, 42, 1583-1587, 2002.


2001 :

Bais, A.F., B.G. Gardiner, H. Slaper, M. Blumthaler, G. Bernhard, R.L. McKenzie, A.R. Webb, G. Seckmeyer, B. Kjeldstad, T. Koskela, P. Kirsch, J. Groebner, J.B. Kerr, S. Kazadzis, K. Lesczynski, D. Wardle, C. Brogniez, W. Josefsen, D. Gillotay, H. Reinen, P. Weihs, T. Svenoe, P. Eriksen, F. Kuik, and A. Redondas, SUSPEN intercomparison of ultraviolet spectroradiometers, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12,509-12,526, 2001.

Bodeker, G. E., J. C. Scott, K. Kreher, and R. L. McKenzie, Global ozone trends in potential vorticity coordinates using TOMS and GOME intercompared against the Dobson networks: 1978-1998, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 23,029-23,042, 2001.

De La Casinière, A., T. Cabot, M. L. Touré, D. Masserot, Method for correcting the wavelength misalignment in measured UV spectra, Applied Optics 40 (33), 6130-6135, 2001.

Krins, A., B. Dörschel, P. Knuschke, H.K. Seidlitz and S. Thiel, Determination of the calibration factor of polysulphone film UV dosimeters for terrestrial solar radiation. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 95(4), 345-352, 2001.

McKenzie, R. L., P. V. Johnston, D. Smale, B. Bodhaine, and S. Madronich, Altitude effects on UV Spectral Irradiance deduced from measurements at Lauder, New Zealand and at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii., J. Geophys. Res., 106, 22,845-22,860, 2001.

McKenzie, R. L., G. Seckmeyer, A. Bais, and S. Madronich, Satellite retrievals of Erythemal UV dose compared with ground-based measurements at Northern and Southern mid-latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 24,051 -24,062, 2001.

Seidlitz, H.K., S. Thiel, A. Krins and H. Mayer (2001) Solar radiation at the Earth's surface. In: P.U. Giacomoni (ed.) Sun protection in man. Comprehensive Series in Photoscience Vol.3, Elsevier: 705-738.

Weihs, P., T. Martin, G. Seckmeyer, D. Schmucki, R. Philipona, C. Sergent, E. Pougatch, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, A. de La Casinière, T. Cabot, J. Lenoble, D. Masserot, S. Simic, G. Rengarajan, A. Albold, T. Pichler, M. Mueller, Modelling the effect of an inhomogeneous surface albedo on incicent UV radiation in mountainous terrain : determination of an effective surface albedo, J. Geophys. Res. 28 (16), 3111-3114, 2001.


2000 :

Gröbner, J., A. Albold, M. Blumthaler, T. Cabot, A. de la Casinière, J. Lenoble, T. Martin, D. Masserot, M. Müller, T. Pichler, E. Pougatch, R. Philipona, G. Rengarajan, D. Schmucki, G. Seckmeyer, C. Sergent, M.L. Touré, P. Weihs, The variability of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance in an Alpine environment, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26991-27003, 2000.

Lenoble, J., Influence of environment reflectance on UV zenith radiance for cloudless sky, Appl. Optics, 39, 4247-4254, 2000.

Masserot, D., J.L. Bocquet, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, M. Barnéoud-Rousset, Résultats d'une campagne hivernale de mesures du rayonnement ultraviolet (UV) en milieu alpin (Briançon-février 1998), Nouvelles dermatologiques, 19, 445-450, 2000.

Pachart, E., J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, D. Masserot, J.L.Bocquet, Consistency tests on UV spectral irradiance measurements using modeling and broadband instruments, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 4851-4856, 2000.

Van Weele, M., T.J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P.N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, , B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B.G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G.Seckmeyer, W.M.F. Wauben, From model intercomparison towards benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases, J.Geophys. Res., 105, 4915-4926, 2000.


1999 :

Bernhard G., Seckmeyer G.: The uncertainty of measurements of spectral solar UV irradiance, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 14321-14345, 1999.

McKenzie, R. L., B. J. Connor, and G. E. Bodeker, Increased summertime UV observed in New Zealand in response to ozone loss, Science, 285, 1709-1711, 1999.

Pachart, E., J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, D. Masserot, J.L. Bocquet, Ultraviolet spectral irradiance in the french Alps. Results of two campaigns, J.Geophys. Res., 104, 16777-16784,1999 .



Bernhard, G., G. Seckmeyer, R.L. McKenzie, and P.V. Johnston, Ratio spectra as a quality control tool for solar spectral UV measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 28,855-28,861, 1998.

Bodhaine, B.A., E.G. Dutton, R.L. McKenzie, and P.V. Johnston, Calibrating broadband UV instruments: ozone and solar zenith angle dependence, J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 15, 916-926, 1998.

McKenzie, R.L., K.J. Paulin, and S. Madronich, Effects of snow cover on UV irradiance and surface albedo: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 28,785-28,792, 1998.

McKenzie, R.L., K.J. Paulin, G.E. Bodeker, J.B. Liley, and A.P. Sturman, Cloud cover measured by satellite and from the ground: relationship to UV radiation at the surface, Internat. J. Remote Sensing, 19, 2969-2985, 1998.


1997 :

Bernhard G., B.Mayer, Seckmeyer G., A.Moise: Measurements of spectral solar UV irradiance in tropical Australia,J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8719- 8730, 1997.

Bernhard G., Seckmeyer G.: New entrance optics for solar spectral UV measurements, Technical Note, Photochem. and Photobio., 65, 923-930, 1997.

Bodhaine, B.A., E.G. Dutton, D.J. Hofmann, R.L. McKenzie, and P.V. Johnston, Spectral UV measurements at Mauna Loa: July 1995-July 1996, J. Geophys.l Res., 102, 19,265-19,273, 1997.

Kylling A., Albold A., Seckmeyer G.: Transmittance of a cloud is wavelength-dependent in the UV-range: Physical Interpretation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 397-400, 1997.

Mayer B., Seckmeyer G., Kylling A.: Systematic longterm comparison of spectral UV measurements and UVSPEC modelling results, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8755-8768, 1997.

McKenzie, R.L., P.V. Johnston, and G. Seckmeyer, UV spectro-radiometry in the network for the detection of stratospheric change (NDSC), in Solar Ultraviolet Radiation. Modelling, Measurements and Effects, edited by C.S. Zerefos, and A.F. Bais, pp. 279-287, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997.

McKenzie, R.L., K. Paulin, and M. Kotkamp, Erythemal UV irradiances at Lauder New Zealand: relationship between horizontal and normal incidence, Photochem. and Photobio., 66, 683-689, 1997.

Meerkoetter R., Wissinger B., Seckmeyer G.: Surface UV from ERS-2/GOME and NOAA/AVHR data: A case study, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1939-1942, 1997.

Seckmeyer G., Mayer B., Bernhard G., Albold A., Erb R., Jaeger H., Stockwell W.R.: New Maximum UV Irradiance Levels Observed in Central Europe, Atmos. Envir., 31, 2971-2976, 1997.


1996 :

Bodhaine, B. A., R. L. McKenzie, P. V. Johnston, D. J. Hofmann, E. G. Dutton, R. C. Schnell, J. E. Barnes, S. C. Ryan, and M. Kotkamp, New ultraviolet spectrometer measurements at Mauna Loa observatory, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2121-2124, 1996.

Mayer B., Seckmeyer G.: All-weather comparison between spectral and broadband (Robertson-Berger) UV measurements, Photochem. and Photobio., 64, 792-799, 1996.

McKenzie, R. L., M. Kotkamp, and W. Ireland, Upwelling UV spectral irradiances and surface albedo measurements at Lauder, New Zealand, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1757-1760, 1996.

McKenzie, R. L., G. E. Bodeker, D. J. Keep, M. Kotkamp, and J. H. Evans, UV radiation in New Zealand: measured North to South differences, and relationship to other latitudes, Weather and Climate, 16, 17-26, 1996.

Seckmeyer G., Albold A., Erb R., Transmittance of a cloud is wavelength-dependent in the UV-range,Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2753-2755, 1996.

Seckmeyer G., Bernhard G., Mayer B., Erb R.: High Accuracy Spectroradiometry of Solar UV Radiation, Metrologia, 32, 697-700, 1996.


1995 :

Bodeker, G.E., Trends in total colum ozone over Australia and New Zealand and its influence on clear-sky surface erthemal irradiance, Radiation protection in Australia, 13, 39-49, 1995.

Madronich, S.; McKenzie, R.; Caldwell, M.M.; Bjorn, L.O., Changes in ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface, Ambio, 24, 143-152, 1995.

Seckmeyer, G., B. Mayer, G. Bernhard, R. L. McKenzie, P. V. Johnston, M. Kotkamp, C. R. Booth, T. Lucas, T. Mestechkina, et al., Geographical differences in the UV measured by intercompared spectroradiometers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1889-1892, 1995.

Slaper, H., H.A.J.M. Reinen, M. Blumthaler, M. Huber and F. Kuik, Comparing ground-level spectrally resolved solar UV measurements using various instruments: a technique resolving effects of wavelength shift and slit width, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22 (20) 2721-2724, 1995.


1994 :

Basher, R.E.; Zheng, X.; Nichol, S. (1994). Ozone-related trends in solar UV-B series, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2713-2716.

Blumthaler M., Webb A.R., Seckmeyer G., Bais A.F., Huber M., Mayer B., Simultaneous Spectroradiometry: A Study of Solar UV Irradiance at two Altitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2805-2808, 1994.

Bodeker, G.E.; McKenzie, R.L., Erythemal UV at 45S: longitudinal and secular variability, Weather & Climate, 13, 17-21, 1994.

McKenzie, R.L., UV radiation monitoring in New Zealand, Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere, eds. Biggs, R.H.; Joyner, M.E.B., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 239-246, 1994.

Seckmeyer G., Mayer B., Erb R., Bernhard G.: UV-B in Germany higher in 1993 than in 1992, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 7, 1994.

Seckmeyer G.; Thiel S., Blumthaler M., Fabian P., Gerber S., Gugg-Helminger A., Haeder D.-P., Huber M., Kettner C., Koehler U., Koepke P., Maier H., Schaefer J., Suppan P., Tamm E., Thomalla E., Intercomparison of Spectral UV-Radiation Measurement Systems, Appl. Opt., 33, 7805-7812, 1994.

Zeng, J., R. McKenzie, K. Stamnes, M. Wineland, and J. Rosen, Measured UV spectra compared with discrete ordinate method simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 23019-23030, 1994.


1993 :

Grainger, R. G., R. E. Basher, and R. L. McKenzie, UV-B Robertson-Berger meter characterization and field calibration, Appl. Opt., 32, 343-349, 1993.

McKenzie, R.L., UV solar spectral irradiance in New Zealand, Frontiers of Photobiology, eds. A. Shima, M. Ichihashi, Y. Fujiwara, H. Takebe, Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, 527-529, 1993.

McKenzie, R. L., M. Kotkamp, G. Seckmeyer, R. Erb, R. Gies, and S. Toomey, First southern hemisphere intercomparison of measured solar UV spectra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2223-2226, 1993.


1992 :

McKenzie, R. L., P. V. Johnston, M. Kotkamp, A. Bittar, and J. D. Hamlin, Solar ultraviolet spectroradiometry in New Zealand: instrumentation and sample results from 1990, Appl. Opt., 31, 6501-6509, 1992.

Seckmeyer, G., and R. L. McKenzie, Increased ultraviolet radiation in New Zealand (45 S) relative to Germany (48 N), Nature, 359, 135-137, 1992.

White, M.G.; Smith, G.J.; Ryan, K.G.; Coppell, R.B.; Backshall, D.; Edmunds, C.J.; McKenzie, R.L., Erythemal and carcinogenic ultraviolet radiation at three New Zealand cities, Weather and Climate, 12, 83-88, 1992.


1991 :

McKenzie, R. L., Application of a simple model to calculate latitudinal and hemispheric differences in ultraviolet radiation., Weather and Climate, 3-14, 1991.

McKenzie, R. L., W. A. Matthews, and P. V. Johnston, The relationship between erythemal UV and ozone derived from spectral irradiance measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 2269-2272, 1991.


1990 :

McKenzie, R. L., and J. M. Elwood, Intensity of solar ultraviolet radiation and its implications for skin cancer, NZ Medical Journal, 103, 152-154, 1990.

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